What Is Coronary Artery Disease?
It is narrowing of the arteries which supply boold flow to heart itself. This restricts blood flow heart muscle, leading to damage to heart muscles.
It may leading to a heart attack or sudden cardiac death.
Whats the cause of Coronary Artery Disease?
Diposition of fatty plaques in the arteries leads to their narrowing. With ageing the plaque builds up. This narrows the arteries and raises the risk of blood clots and heart attacks.
When the plaque ruptures, a blood clot can block blood supply to the heart muscle. This causes a heart attack.
If this happens in the brain, stroke can happen.
What Are the Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease?
The most common symptom is angina, or chest pain.
Angina can be :
- Painful feeling
It can be mistaken for indigestion, gas or heartburn.
Angina is usually felt in the chest, but may also be felt in the:
Other symptoms that can be associated:
How Is Coronary Artery Disease Diagnosed?
Doctors diagnose on the basis of:
- Symptoms, medical history, and risk factors
- Physical exam.
- Diagnostic tests,
How can Coronary Artery Disease be Prevented or Controlled?
Control blood sugar
Surgery and other procedures:
Angiogenesis by stem cells.
It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to restore the blood supply to the heart itself by widening the blood vessels of the heart.
What are the different Types of Procedures Used in Angioplasty?